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Widening the Paradigm in Medicine and Health: Person-Centred Medicine as the Common Ground of Traditional, Complementary, Alternative and Non-Conventional Medicine"
Roberti di Sarsina P, Alivia M, Guadagni P (2012). Widening the Paradigm in Medicine and Health: Person Centred Medicine as Common Ground of Traditional and Non Conventional Medicine. In: "Healthcare Overview: New Perspectives", Ed. V. Costigliola, Book Series "Advances in Predictive, Preventive and Personalised Medicine", Series Ed. O. Golubnitschaja, EPMA/Springer Dordrecht Heidelberg New York London, 2012. p. 335-353, Springer XVIII, 521 p. 86 illus., 73 in color. 


This chapter outlines the paradigm of person-centred medicine and its contribution to the growing pluralism of medical science. It adds to the paradigm of personalised medicine. It is characterised by a holistic approach, which stems from the demands of patients for a greater humanisation of medicine, individualisation of treatments and autonomy in the choice of therapeutic processes. It finds fertile soil especially in the fields of primary care, paediatrics and geriatrics where there is the most pressing need to reintegrate an image of the human being fragmented by specialism. It answers the needs of patients and healthcare workers to rebuild an effective therapeutic relationship based on trust, empathy, compassion and responsiveness to individual needs and values. The concept of person-centred medicine gains epistemological and practical tools from the common ground of traditional medicine (TM), complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or non-conventional medicine (NCM) (or TCAM for brevity) as visions that observe and investigate nature strictly linked to the bio-psycho-spiritual entity of every human being. The common feature of TCAM systems is a person-centred, salutogenetic, pro-active, pro-resilient healing approach. The current situation of NCM in Europe shows the increasing demand for what these holistic medical systems can offer on the issues of health and future healthcare development.


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